Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Merapi
in Indonesia

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Merapi can have a low humanitarian impact based on the exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID VO 263250
Name: Merapi
Lat/Lon: -7.54 , 110.446
Event Date: 22 Jun 2020 00:00 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 4440000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 24400000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 4
Population Exposure Index PEI: 7
Inserted at: 05 Mar 2020 07:11 UTC

GDACS Score

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Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
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Indonesia - Mount Merapi volcanic eruption (ECHO 22 Jun 2020)Mon, 22 Jun 2020 13:02

  • On 21 June, Mount Merapi, located between Central Java Province and the Special Region of Yogyakarta erupted, the ash column raised 6,000 metres and moved westward. 
  • The Center for Investigation and Development of Geological Disaster Technology (BPPTKG), reports that the ashfall covered the Districts of Magelang (Central Java Province) and Kulonprogo (Special Region of Yogyakarta). Some villages, especially Kemiren, Srumbung and Banyuadem experienced heavy amount of ashfall.
  • According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), the alert level stands at 2, residents and tourists are recommended not to access in a 3 km redius from the centre of the volcano.
Indonesia - Mount Merapi volcanic eruption (ECHO 13 Feb 2020)Thu, 13 Feb 2020 11:00

  • Mount Merapi, located between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces erupted an ash column of 2,000 metres on 13 February, sending volcanic ash north-west.
  • According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), an Alert Level 2 is in place and residents and tourists are recommended to remain outside a 3 km radius from the centre of the volcano. 
  • An orange aviation advisory is also in effect over the area.
Indonesia - Mount Merapi volcanic eruption (ECHO 16 Oct 2019)Wed, 16 Oct 2019 13:00

  • Mount Merapi, located between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces erupted with an ash column of 3,000 metres on 14 October.
  • According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), the volcanic ash moved south-west, reaching the districts of Dukun, Salam and Srumbung (Magelang Regency, central Java Province).
  • The authorities provided masks for those affected by the ash fall and have issued a hazard range radius of 3 km from the centre of the volcano.
  • The national volcanology agency issued an orange volcano observatory notice for aviation, indicating the possibility of a further eruption.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2020. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Merapi report has been published on 04 Mar 2020 07:10.
BPPTKG reported that at 0522 on 3 March an eruption at Merapi produced an ash plume that rose 6 km above the crater rim and pyroclastic flows that descended the SSE flank less than 2 km. The ash plume drifted mainly NE and caused ashfall within 10 km, particularly in areas to the N including Musuk and Cepogo Boyolali. Video of the event showed incandescent material being ejected above the summit and lightning in the ash cloud. The report noted that there were no clear precursors for the eruption. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and residents were warned to stay outside of the 3-km exclusion zone. Source: Balai Penyelidikan dan Pengembangan Teknologi Kebencanaan Geologi (BPPTKG)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 122 | About casualties: 8 | Last hour: 0

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Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: JRC (31), (1), INGV (2), DesInventar (1), WMO (1), INFORM (2),