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Overall Red alert Tropical Cyclone for MARIA-18
in China, Japanfrom 02 Jul 2018 18:00 UTC to 11 Jul 2018 00:00 UTC
Automatic impact report for tropical cyclone MARIA-18
alertimage

Current Orange alert for wind impact in China, Japan as of 11 Jul 2018 00:00:00 UTC

This tropical cyclone is expected to have a high humanitarian impact based on the storm strength and the affected population in the past and forecasted path.

Current storm status

This report is for advisory number 34 of tropical cyclone MARIA-18 issued at 11 Jul 2018 00:00 UTC (GDACS Event ID 1000466, Latest episode ID: 34, inserted at 11 Jul 2018 00:50 UTC ).

Current impact estimate:

  • Population affected by Category 1 (120 km/h) wind speeds or higher is 6.881 million
  • Hurricane/Typhoon > 74 mph (maximum wind speed of 259 km/h)
  • Vulnerability of affected countries: Medium

Impact of Extreme Wind

1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32  33  34  
Cloud map
Cloud map. Track and wind-buffer map. Green area: Area that can be affected by winds of more than 64 km/h (Tropical Storm strength). Orange area: Same, for winds of more than 92 km/h. Red area: Same, for winds above 120 km/h (Hurricane or Typhoon strength) (Source: JRC)
Cloud Map Zoomed on last forecast
Cloud Map Zoomed on last forecast. The zoomed map on the last track. (Source: JRC)

Affected population

Up to 25.4 million people people can be affected by wind speeds of cyclone strength or above. In addition, no people people are living in coastal areas below 5m and can therefore be affected by storm surge.

Affected country

Country
China
Japan

Affected provinces

Region Province Country Population
Fujian China 33.2 million people
Zhejiang China 45.9 million people
Taiwan China 22.4 million people
Jiangxi China 41.7 million people
Okinawa Japan 1.2 million people
Hubei China 59.8 million people

Affected Populated Places (first 20 records)

(first 20 records)
Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Mabi Fujian China City - 45 km
Songcheng Fujian China City - 56 km
Fengshan Fujian China City - 56 km
Fengcheng Fujian China City - 61 km
Langqi Fujian China City - 63 km
Jiaocheng Fujian China City 64000 people 64 km
Wuhang Fujian China City - 65 km
Luozhou Fujian China City - 76 km
Fuzhou Fujian China Major city 1.1 million people 88 km
Hanyang Fujian China City 70000 people 89 km
Muyang Fujian China City - 92 km
Shangjie Fujian China City 7200 people 98 km
Rongan Fujian China City - 103 km
Tongshan Fujian China City 62000 people 103 km
Kongcheng Fujian China City - 104 km
Meicheng Fujian China City - 125 km
Aoyang Fujian China City - 132 km
Xincheng Fujian China City - 137 km
Zhanghuban Fujian China City - 160 km
Xiongshan Fujian China City - 164 km

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.

Nearby and affected airports
Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
Ma Tsu 13 Civ. Paved No 2900 22 km
Matsu South 30 0 31 km
Changle FOC 14 Civ. Paved Yes 11800 67 km
19 0 90 km
210 0 253 km
Nanchang / Xiangtang 30 0 470 km
Ishigaki ISG 26 Civ. Paved Yes 4900 470 km
Nanchang New 30 0 481 km
Linjiang 39 0 485 km
Changbei KHN 40 0 496 km
9 0 503 km
Shimojishima SHI 16 Civ. Paved Yes 9800 536 km
Hirara MMY 45 Civ. Paved Yes 6500 552 km
Major ports
Name LOCODE Country Distance
Matsu Island Taiwan 33 km
Ning Te China 35 km
San Tu Ao China 51 km
Lo Hsing Ta Mao Ti China 79 km
Fuzhou CNFOC China 89 km
Ishigaki Island Japan 462 km
Ishigaki Japan 469 km
Hirara Japan 549 km
Myako Island Japan 564 km
Hydro-dams (first 20 records)
Reservoir Dam Name River Year Distance
Shanzi Ao Jiang 1996 52 km
Nanxi Nanxi 1981 106 km
Shuikou Min Jiang 1995 129 km
Gutian Gutianxi 1959 131 km
Shaxikou Min Jiang 1990 202 km
Dongxi Dongxi 1986 253 km
Liaoyuan 1963 331 km
Fangtuan 1970 331 km
Baimiao Trib. Xin He 1960 350 km
Hongmen Litan Shui 1969 356 km
Gaofang Trib. Xin He 1969 364 km
Majie -99 365 km
Wuhu 1958 371 km
Mayuan 1958 373 km
Honghu 1966 373 km
Yuejin -99 386 km
Qianjin 1960 386 km
Dashan -99 396 km
Shangyou 1957 398 km
Hengshan 1984 400 km

See complete report

Event time line

The storm evolution is shown in the table below. Alert levels and population estimates are related to the area from a point to the next.

Advisory Alert color Date (UTC) Category Wind speed Wind gusts Population affected
by cyclone winds (>120km/h)
Location (lat, lon)
1
GREEN
02 Jul 2018 18:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 9.9, 146
2
GREEN
03 Jul 2018 00:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 10.4, 145.8
3
GREEN
03 Jul 2018 06:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 11.1, 148.5
4
GREEN
03 Jul 2018 12:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 11.8, 147.3
5
GREEN
03 Jul 2018 18:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 11.4, 146.5
6
GREEN
04 Jul 2018 00:00 Tropical depression 46 km/h (29 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 11.7, 146.3
7
GREEN
04 Jul 2018 06:00 Tropical depression 56 km/h (34 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 12.4, 146.1
8
GREEN
04 Jul 2018 12:00 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 12.6, 145.2
9
GREEN
04 Jul 2018 18:00 Tropical storm 102 km/h (63 mph) km/h ( mph) <1000 people 13.6, 144.9
10
GREEN
05 Jul 2018 00:00 Tropical storm 111 km/h (69 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 14.1, 144.1
11
GREEN
05 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 1 130 km/h (80 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 14.6, 143.4
12
GREEN
05 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 1 148 km/h (92 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 14.8, 142.7
13
GREEN
05 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 3 204 km/h (126 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 15.5, 142.3
14
GREEN
06 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 5 259 km/h (161 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 16, 142
15
GREEN
06 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 250 km/h (155 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 16.5, 141.6
16
GREEN
06 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 4 250 km/h (155 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 16.8, 141.3
17
GREEN
06 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 16.9, 140.9
18
GREEN
07 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 17.1, 140.8
19
GREEN
07 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 17.5, 140.6
20
GREEN
07 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 17.9, 140.3
21
GREEN
07 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 18.4, 139.7
22
GREEN
08 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 241 km/h (149 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 19.1, 138.8
23
GREEN
08 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 250 km/h (155 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 19.8, 137.8
24
GREEN
08 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 5 259 km/h (161 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 20.5, 136.5
25
GREEN
08 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 5 259 km/h (161 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 21.1, 135.1
26
GREEN
09 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 250 km/h (155 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 21.8, 133.5
27
GREEN
09 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 241 km/h (149 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 22.4, 131.8
28
GREEN
09 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 4 231 km/h (143 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 22.9, 130.3
29
GREEN
09 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 213 km/h (132 mph) km/h ( mph) 55000 people 23.5, 128.7
30
GREEN
10 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 3 204 km/h (126 mph) km/h ( mph) 100000 people 24, 127.2
31
RED
10 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 3 204 km/h (126 mph) km/h ( mph) 6.8 million people 24.6, 125.6
32
RED
10 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 194 km/h (120 mph) km/h ( mph) 180000 people 25.2, 124.1
33
RED
10 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 3 185 km/h (115 mph) km/h ( mph) 6.7 million people 26.2, 122.2
34
ORANGE
11 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 2 176 km/h (109 mph) km/h ( mph) 14.2 million people 26.4, 120.1
34
ORANGE
11 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 1 120 km/h (75 mph) km/h ( mph) 13.8 million people 27.7, 117
34
GREEN
12 Jul 2018 00:00 Tropical storm 83 km/h (52 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 29.1, 114.6
34
GREEN
12 Jul 2018 12:00 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 30.8, 112.8
34
GREEN
13 Jul 2018 00:00 Tropical depression 37 km/h (23 mph) km/h ( mph) no people 32.5, 111.3

Previous advisories

For accessing reports of previous advisories, please click on the advisory number in the table below.

IDAlert ColorDate (UTC)CategoryMaximum sustained
wind speed (km/h)
Population affected
by cyclone winds (>120km/h)
Affected countries
1 02 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 2 176 No people affected Guam
2 03 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 3 194 No people affected Guam
3 03 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 3 185 No people affected Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
4 03 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 2 176 No people affected Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
5 03 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 2 176 No people affected Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
6 04 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 2 176 No people affected Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
7 04 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 2 176 No people affected Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
8 04 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 185 No people affected Guam
9 04 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 250 2 thousand Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
10 05 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 250 2 thousand Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Japan
11 05 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 213 1.3 million Japan
12 05 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 204 1.3 million Japan
13 05 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 213 1.3 million Japan
14 06 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 213 1.3 million Japan
15 06 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 231 1.5 million Japan, China
16 06 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 4 231 19.5 million Japan, China
17 06 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 2 176 23.7 million Japan, China
18 07 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 2 176 18.9 million Japan, China
19 07 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 213 18.8 million Japan, China
20 07 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 204 31.7 million Japan, China
21 07 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 222 47.4 million Japan, China
22 08 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 213 30.8 million Japan, China
23 08 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 213 39.4 million Japan, China
24 08 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 204 12.3 million Japan, China
25 08 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 4 213 19.2 million Japan, China
26 09 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 4 213 17.9 million Japan, China
27 09 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 4 213 44.8 million Japan, China
28 09 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 204 28.6 million Japan, China
29 09 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 3 194 16.1 million Japan, China
30 10 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 3 194 27.8 million Japan, China
31 10 Jul 2018 06:00 Category 3 204 30.7 million Japan, China
32 10 Jul 2018 12:00 Category 3 194 5.3 million Japan, China
33 10 Jul 2018 18:00 Category 3 185 18 million China, Japan
34 11 Jul 2018 00:00 Category 2 176 25.4 million China, Japan

More information

Data resources

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.

About the data

JRC set up an automatic routine that includes the Tropical Cyclone (TC) bulletins produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) into a single database, covering all TC basins.

JRC calculates areas affected by high winds (wind buffers at 39, 58 and 74mph). This is done using the maximum reported wind radius (maximum of 4 quadrants) or, in case no wind radii are provided, through a regression analysis based on historical data. JRC also calculates the area affected by storm surge using HyFlux2 (hydrodynamic software).

Sources for data on critical infrastructure are: JRC NUMAS database (nuclear plants), ESRI (hydro dams, 1996), Global Discovery (airports, ports and cities).

Population data is from LandScan 2014.

Disclaimer

While we try everything to ensure accuracy, this information is purely indicative and should not be used for any decision making without alternate sources of information. The JRC is not responsible for any damage or loss resulting from the use of the information presented on this website.